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AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE LESSON NOTE FOR FIRST TERM SS2

This Lesson Note on Agricultural Science for SS2 first term covers weekly prepared lesson notes and each of them is rich in classwork, curriculum compliant, and syllabus based.

The lesson note is well-detailed with adequate evaluation to ensure that the learning objectives are achieved.

The scheme of work used in preparing the lesson note is based on the latest unified NERDC/UBE curriculum which is suitable for all schools in all the States in Nigeria.

Keep reading, you will find the Link to Download the complete lesson note in Ms-Word (Microsoft Word) Editable format below.

Agricultural Science Scheme of Work for SS2 First Term

WEEK 1: Soil: Meaning, Types, Composition and Properties of Soil

WEEK 2: Soil: Meaning, Types, Composition and Properties of Soil (Cont.)

WEEK 3: Farm Machinery and Implements: Types, Description, Uses and Maintenance

WEEK 4: Surveying and Planning of Farmstead; Meaning and Importance, Common Survey Equipment

WEEK 5: Surveying and Planning of Farmstead; Meaning and Importance, Common Survey Equipment (Cont.)

WEEK 6: Irrigation and Drainage; Meaning, Importance, Types, Advantages and Disadvantages

WEEK 7: Environmental Factors Affecting Agricultural Production (Crops and Animals), Climatic Factors – Biotic factors – Edaphic factors

WEEK 8: Plant Nutrient and Nutrient Cycle. Macro and Micro Nutrients. Nitrogen, Carbon and Water cycles

WEEK 9: Plant Nutrient and Nutrient Cycle. Macro and Micro Nutrients. Nitrogen, Carbon and Water cycles (Cont.)

WEEK 10: Factors Influencing Nutrient Availability in the Soil. Methods of Replenishing Soil Nutrients Farming Practices

WEEK 11: Revision 

WEEK 12: Examination

WEEK 13: Examination

REFERENCE BOOKS

  • Essential Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools, by O.A. Iwena
  • Prescribed Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools by S.A. Omofuyi Otal
  • WAEC Pack

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AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE LESSON NOTE FOR FIRST TERM SS2

Below are the Excerpts (Samples) of the 2022 Complete Agricultural Science Lesson Notes for SS2 First Term

WEEK 1: SOIL

CONTENT
• Meaning of Soil
• Types of Soil
• Composition of Soil
• Properties of Soil

MEANING OF SOIL
Soil can be defined as the unconsolidated weathered materials found in the upper most layer of the earth surface on which plants grow. It provides support and nutrients for the plants.

TYPES OF SOIL
The three types of soil are; Sandy Soil, Clay Soil and Loamy Soil.

SANDY SOIL
A soil is said to be sandy if the proportion of sand particles in a sample of the soil is high. The particles are mainly quartz (SiO2).

PROPERTIES OF SANDY SOIL
1. Sandy soil is coarse, grained and gritty.
2. It is loose with large pore spaces.
3. It absorbs and loses water easily.
4. It is not sticky when wet and cannot form a cast or ribbon.
5. It is well aerated with low water holding capacity.
6. Percolation in sandy soil is high but capillarity is low.
7. Sandy soil heats up easily during the day and cools down quickly in the night.
8. It supports leaching, hence it is low in plant nutrients.
9. It does not support water logging and erosion.
10. Sandy Soil has grey or brownish colour.

METHODS OF IMPROVING SANDY SOIL
1. Planting of cover crops
2. Application of compost manure
3. Application of farm yard manure
4. Mulching the soil
5. Avoidance of bush burning

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SANDY SOIL
1. It is good for cultivation of cassava, cotton, groundnut etc.
2. It is good for building construction when mixed with cement.

EVALUATION
1. What is soil?
2. List the three types of Soil and state three characteristics of sandy soil.

CLAY SOIL
A soil is said to be clayed if the proportion of clay in a sample of the soil is very high.

PROPERTIES OF CLAYED SOIL
1. The particles are fine, powdery and smooth when dry.
2. The parties are sticky and moody when wet.
3. The particles are tightly bound together with little pore (air) spaces.
4. It has a high water holding capacity.
5. It is poorly aerated.
6. Percolation in clay is low but capillarity is high.
7. It does not support leaching, hence it contain plant nutrients.
8. It is hard when dry and sticky when wet.
9. It can easily form a ribbon or cast when molded.
10. It supports water – logging and erosion.
11. It has a grey or brownish colour.

METHODS OF IMPROVING CLAYED SOIL
1. Liming
2. Addition of organic manure

EVALUATION
1. What is clay soil?
2. In a tabular form, give five differences between sandy and Clay soil.

LOAMY SOIL
Loamy soil is a mixture of sand and clay particles with high proportion of organic matter.

PROPERTIES OF LOAMY SOIL
1. Loamy Soil is moist, loose with moderate sized pore space.
2. The structure breaks easily when wet and friable when dry.
3. It has non-powdery and non-sticky texture.
4. It can easily be worked or cultivated.
5. It contains lots of organic matter (humus).
6. It does not support erosion and water logging.
7. It was well aerated and it can hold water.
8. It is the best soil for cultivation of crops.
9. It is dark brown or black in colour.

EVALUATION
1. What is loamy soil?
2. List four properties of loamy soil.

COMPONENT/COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
The composition of the soil by percentage are:
1. Soil mineral matter 45%
2. Soil water 25%
3. Soil air 25%
4. Soil living Organisms 5%

GENERAL EVALUATION
1. List two methods of improving clay soil.
2. List the component of soil and their respective percentage composition.
3. List three ways of improving sandy soil.
4. List five properties of sandy soil.
5. List five properties of clay soil.

READING ASSIGNMENT
Essential Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools by O.A. Iwena pages 65-87.

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT
1. Particles of soil care closely packed together in ____ soil (a) sandy (b) clay
(c) loamy (d) silt
2. Quartz is the major composition of ____ soil (a) clay (b) loamy (c) sand (d) silt
3. The soil which mostly which mostly support leaching is ____ (a) sand (b) clay
(c) loamy (d) silt
4. The soil which supports water logging is ____ (a) sand (b) silt (c) clay (d) loamy
5. The best soil for agriculture is ______ (a) sand (b) clay (c) silt (d) loamy

THEORY
1. (a) What is a soil?
(b) List the four component of soil.
2. (a) State four characteristics of clay soil.
(b) What is weathering?

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Other Lesson Note Samples/Scheme: Agricultural Science, Basic Science, Basic Technology, Biology, Book Keeping, Catering and Craft Practice, Chemistry, Christian Religious Studies, Civic Education, Commerce, Computer Science, Cultural and Crative Arts, Data Processing, Economics, English Language, Financial Accounting, Food and Nutrition, French, Further Mathematics, Geography, Government, Home Economics, Marketing, Mathematics, Music, Physical and Health Education, Physics, Social Studies, and Yoruba

WEEK 2: SOIL (CONTINUED)

Overview:

CONTENT
• Factors of Soil Formation
• Process of Soil Formation
• Soil Structure, Texture and PH
• Experiments on Soil

FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
The five major factors which control soil formation are: climate, parent materials, topography, biotic factors and time.
1. CLIMATE: Climate is the average weather condition of a place over long period time. The elements of climate are: temperature, rainfall, wind and pressure.
(a) Temperature: The alternating cooling and heating of rocks results in continual expansion and contract which eventually make the rock to crack and breakdown to form Soil.
(b) Rainfall: The action of…  To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 3: FARM MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS

Overview:

CONTENT
• Types of Farm Machinery
• Description of Farm Machinery
• Uses and maintenance of Farm Machinery

FARM MACHINERY
Farm machinery includes various types of machines and implements used in the farm. These include tractor, plough, harrows, cultivators, ridgers, planter, harvesters, shellers, dryer, sprayer, and incubators
1. TRACTOR: It is a… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 4: SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARM STEAD

Overview:

CONTENT
• MEANING
• IMPORTANCE
• COMMON SURVEYING EQUIPMENT

MEANING OF FARM SURVEYING
Farm surveying is defined as the process of measuring and mapping out the position, topography, size and boundary of an area of farm land. It can also be… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

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Other Lesson Note Samples/Scheme: Agricultural Science, Basic Science, Basic Technology, Biology, Book Keeping, Catering and Craft Practice, Chemistry, Christian Religious Studies, Civic Education, Commerce, Computer Science, Cultural and Crative Arts, Data Processing, Economics, English Language, Financial Accounting, Food and Nutrition, French, Further Mathematics, Geography, Government, Home Economics, Marketing, Mathematics, Music, Physical and Health Education, Physics, Social Studies, and Yoruba

Agricultural Science Lesson Note for SS2 (First Term)

WEEK 5: SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARM STEAD

Overview:

MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF FARMING PLANNING
Farm planning is a drawing or outline of a farm stead in order to put the land into use for which is best suited.

IMPORTANCE OF FARM PLANNING
(i) It enables… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 6: IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE

Overview:

CONTENT
• Meaning
• Types
• Advantages and Disadvantages

IRRIGATION
This is the artificial application of water to soil or land for farming purposes.

FACTORS THAT DETERMINES IRRIGATION SYSTEM
1. Availability of water.
2. Slope of the land.
3. Soil type.
4. Type of crop.
5. Size of the farmland.

IMPORTANCE OF IRRIGATION IN CROP PRODUCTION
1. Irrigation softens the soil for tillage operations.
2. It provides…  To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 7: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Overview:

These factors are grouped into three,
a. Climatic factor
b. Biotic factor
c. Edaphic factor

CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time. The elements of climate are: rainfall, humidity, light, temperature, drought, wind, sunlight, humidity e.t.c.

RAINFALL
Rainfall is defined as the release of excess condensed water vapour in the atmosphere into the earth.
1. It determines the… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 8: PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES

Overview:

CONTENT
• Classify plant nutrients
• Functions and deficiency symptoms of nutrients
• Nutrient cycles

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES
Plant nutrients are classified into two, these includes macronutrient and micronutrient.

MACRONUTRIENTS
These are mineral elements or nutrients required by crops in large quantities. Examples are: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium and sulphur.

MICRONUTRIENT OR TRACE ELEMENTS
These are… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

 

Agricultural Science Lesson Note for SS2 (First Term)

WEEK 9: PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES

Overview:

CARBON CYCLE
This involves the series of processes which contribute to the circulation of carbon in nature.

Explanation
i. Carbondioxide is removed from the air mainly by photosynthesis
ii. Carbon is lost in form of carbonates of calcium and magnesium through leaching and drainage.
The atmosphere gains carbondioxide through… To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

WEEK 10: FARMING PRACTICES

Overview:

CONTENT
• Types of farming practices
• Methods of Replenishing lost nutrients
• Factors influencing nutrient availability in the soil
FARMING PRACTICES
The following farming practices have consequences or effects on the soil;

1. BUSH BURNING
This involves the setting of fire on the bushes to clear out the vegetation
MERITS
a. It releases potassium and phosphorus as ash
b. It has some sterilizing effect on the soil
c. It stimulate the growth of … To Download the Full Lesson Note Online, CLICK HERE. You can also reach us on WhatsApp, Click Here to Chat with us.

 

WEEK 11: Revision

WEEK 12: Examination

WEEK 13: Examination

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