Are you looking for how to write lesson plan for secondary school? If you are, then this article, “Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan in Nigeria”, is for you.
In this write-up, I have taken the time to explain everything you need to know about lesson planning in teaching.
Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan in Nigeria
This article, complete guide on writing lesson plan in Nigeria, covers the following topics: what is lesson plan, why is lesson planning important, elements of a lesson plan, lesson planning steps and example of lesson plan or sample of lesson plan.
What Is Lesson Plan?
A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed guide for facilitating a lesson. How detailed the plan is depends on the preference of the teacher, the subject being covered and the need and or curiosity of the students.
Typically, a lesson plan includes the basic objective of the lesson (what the students need to learn), a collection of teaching and learning activities (how the teacher plan to achieve the goal, his method of delivery and procedure) and assessment methods (ways to measure if the objective of the lesson was achieved or not).
Teaching or lesson plan is therefore the teacher’s guide detailing what the students need to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured. A good lesson plan helps the teacher to be more effective in the classroom.
Why Is Lesson Planning Important?
If you have been teaching for some time now, you will no doubt vouch for the importance of a lesson plan. Nothing can be so frustrating like entering a class without a plan, it’s like finding yourself in a new city without a guide.
Hence this article, “Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan in Nigeria” will not be complete if I fail to mention why lesson plans are important.
Here are seven reasons why a lesson plan is very important.
A good lesson plan helps the teacher answer the two most important questions; what to teach and how to teach.
2. Builds the confidence in Teachers:
A good lesson plan apart from helping the teacher work towards definite goal helps build self-confidence. You would be up-to-date with new and current teaching styles that are in vogue, thus helping you to adhere to best teaching practices that deliver effective teaching. You will come to be known as a well-informed, highly knowledgeable and a confident teacher.
3. Time Management:
A step-by-step lesson plan helps the teacher to cover the entire lesson within the limited time frame. With a lesson plan, you will be able to teach with a better sense of direction and absolute control.
4. Avoid Repetition:
With the help of a lesson plan, a teacher will mindful of the level and previous knowledge of the students. This helps to avoid repeating the lesson taught earlier. It also helps to eliminate casual omissions especially as students go from one term to another.
5. Create Anticipatory Mood for Students:
With a lesson plan, a teacher will be able to ask proper and important questions that create anticipatory mood for the students in the classroom. This questioning style help prepare the students for what is coming up next. This will also engage the students in communication and in retaining the lesson, especially when you engage them in a focused discussion about a particular topic.
6. Adequate preparation:
No matter how vast you are in a topic, adequate preparation is important. As lesson plan make teachers to be clear about what to teach and how to teach, it helps in preparing for a class even the more. The teacher can research the topic, gather more information and come up with relevant teaching aids and instructional materials to share with the students.
Lesson plan helps the teacher compare his teaching with set objectives. Evaluation helps the teacher ensure that the students learn what they are supposed to learn.
Elements of a Lesson Plan
There are several lesson plan formats to choose from, and that is great. No matter the format you adopt, it is important to ensure it has the five elements that makes a good lesson plan. These five elements are needed to ensure a successful learning experience.
The five elements of a lesson plan are: linking prior knowledge, engaging and educating, active learning, reflecting and extending learning.
(1) Linking Prior Knowledge: This is where the teacher makes connection with students’ previous knowledge to help the students remember something they already learnt so as to make them feel comfortable learning something new.
(2) Engaging and Educating: Here the teacher introduces new information to engage and educate the students. The use of direct instructions, modeling and concrete examples are highly essential.
(3) Active learning: This is the part where the teacher actively engage the students in a pre-planned activity. The teacher can divide the students into groups to ensure the activity is engaging and interactive.
(4) Reflecting: It is very important to give the students the opportunity to reflect over what they have learnt and either share it orally or by writing.
(5) Extending learning: This is learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Students must be given opportunity to see how the lesson applies to real world by linking knowledge with future learning.
When these five elements of a lesson plan are included in a lesson, it becomes easy to achieve a successful learning experience for all the students.
Lesson Planning Steps
The next thing we shall look at in this complete guide on writing lesson plan in Nigeria is the six lesson planning steps.
The six lesson planning steps are:
1. Identify the learning objectives.
Effective teaching goes beyond exposing the students to topics. You must set measurable objectives – what the students will know and be able to do after the learning experience.
2. Plan the specific learning activities.
This should be related to the learning objectives of the lesson.
This is where to plan the activities the students will have to engage in order to develop the skills and knowledge necessary to demonstrate effective learning.
3. Plan to assess the students’ understanding.
Through planned oral questions, written test, assignments, etc., you can assess the students’ understanding. Planned assessment help you to know whether your students are learning.
4. Plan to sequence the lesson in an engaging and meaningful manner.
Sequence the lesson to gain the students’ attention, introduced the learning objectives, stimulate the students to recall previous knowledge, present the new topic, provide guidance and allow the students to apply knowledge and skills learnt, provide feedback, assess performance and enhance retention and transfer of knowledge.
5. Create a realistic timeline.
To achieve the learning objectives, you must create a realistic timeline.
6. Plan for a lesson closure.
This is where to summarize, review and demonstrate their understanding of major points.
Example of Lesson Plan (Or Sample of Lesson Plan)
Here are two examples or samples of lesson plan.
Note: Use the up and down arrow to scroll through the lesson plan below.Sample of lesson plan for Civic Education
Note: Use the up and down arrow to scroll through the lesson plan below.Sample of lesson plan for Government
Hope this helps. I like to hear what you think about this article “Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan in Nigeria” in the comment session below. And Please, don’t forget to share this write-up.