Welcome, great EduPodian. Are you searching for Lesson Note for JSS3 Basic Science second term or Scheme of Work for Basic Science JSS3 second term? Search no more! You are in the right place. You will find the lesson note here.

This Lesson Note on Basic Science for JSS3 (second term) covers weekly prepared lesson notes and each of them are rich in classwork, curriculum compliant and syllabus based.

The lesson note is well detailed with adequate evaluation to ensure that the learning objectives are achieved. The scheme of work use in preparing the lesson note is based on the latest unified NERDC/UBE curriculum which is suitable for all schools in all the States in Nigeria. Keep reading, you will find the Link to Download the complete lesson note in Ms-Word Editable format below.

If you want other subjects or another class or term’s lesson notes then click here. We have Secondary School Lesson Notes for ALL SUBJECTS, JSS1 – SS3 (first, second and third term).

Basic Science Scheme of Work for JSS3 Second Term

WEEK 1: Revision of first term’s work

WEEK 2: Non-Living Things – Atomic Structure; Elements; Compounds; Mixtures

WEEK 3: Chemical Symbols, Formulae and Equations.

WEEK 4: Resources from Living Things; Plant resources ; Animal resources

WEEK 5: Resources from Non- Living things; Soil; Solid minerals

WEEK 6: Skill Acquisition

WEEK 7: Ethical Issues in science and Development

WEEK 8: Light Energy

WEEK 9: Magnetism

WEEK 10: Revision

WEEK 11: Examination

Lesson Note on Basic Science for JSS3 Second Term

WEEK 1: Revision of first term’s work

Related Lesson Notes:

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science (First Term)

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science (Third Term)

Lesson Note on Basic Science for JSS3 Second Term

WEEK 2 TOPIC: Non-Living Things – Atomic Structure; Elements; Compounds; Mixtures

Lesson Note On Non-Living Things – Atomic Structure; Elements; Compounds; Mixture

CONTENT

  1. Meaning of Atom; Concept of Electrons, Protons and Neutrons
  2. Simple atomic model; Properties of atoms
  3. Concept of Elements, Molecules, Compounds and Mixtures

 

Sub-Topic 1: Meaning of Atom; Concept of Electrons, Protons and Neutrons

 

MEANING OF ATOM

Matter (solid, liquid or gas) is made up of tiny particles called atoms.

An atom is the smallest particle of matter which can take part in a chemical reaction.

An English Chemist called John Dalton (1766 – 1844) put forward some statements about the atom in1803 and 1808 which are referred to as Dalton’s atomic theory. These helped to explain some observations about the structure and behavior of atoms. However with advancement in science and the contribution of more scientists like J.J Thomson in 1897, Robert Millikan in1909-1916 and Earnest Rutherford in 1911, the theory has been modified. Presently, scientists agree that:

  1. An atom is made up of a number of small particles namely, the electron, the proton and the neutron. None of these can exist on its own naturally.
  2. An atom is the smallest particle of matter that can take part in a chemical reaction.
  3. In nuclear reactions atoms can be created or destroyed.
  4. Some atoms of the same element have different masses for example in those elements that have isotopes.
  5. Most inorganic compounds are formed by the joining of atoms of two or more elements in a definite whole number ratio, but for large organic molecules such as proteins, fats and starches which involve the joining of thousands of atoms, this theory does not hold.

 

CONCEPT OF ELECTRONS, PROTONS AND NEUTRONS

An atom is made up of three fundamental particles; the electrons, protons and neutrons. Structurally, an atom consists of a small dense, centrally placed nucleus which is surrounded by electrons. The nucleus is made up of the protons and the neutrons. The protons and neutrons are collectively called the nucleons. Most of the atom is empty space. Most of the mass is concentrated in the nucleus.

 

ELECTRONS: These are tiny particles situated at a comparatively great distance from the centre of the atom. They travel rapidly and continuously in orbits around the nucleus. An electron has a negative charge and a very negligible mass of about 9.1 × 10-28g, this is about 1800 times lighter than the hydrogen atom.

 

PROTONS: These are tiny, positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom. The positive charge is equal in magnitude to the negative charge on the electron. Thus, an atom with the same number of electrons and protons is electrically neutral. The mass of the proton is 1 × 10-24g, which is about 1800 times larger than that of the electron.

 

NEUTRONS: These are tiny particles found in the nucleus of an atom. They have no electric charge i.e. they are neutral. Neutrons have about the same mass as a proton.

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science

EVALUATION

  1. What is an atom?
  2. Name the fundamental particles of an atom
  3. State the charges on these particles and their relative masses.
  4. Who was the first chemist to propound theories about atoms?

 

 

Sub-Topic 2: SIMPLE ATOMIC MODEL

Ernest Rutherford in 1909 proposed a model of the atom. His model showed a small dense, positively charged nucleus surrounded by relatively empty space and electrons continuously orbiting the nucleus at a great distance from it. However in the light of further experimental results, other models of the atom have been proposed.

The electrons occupy different orbits or shells called K,L,M,N, shells or 1,2,3,4, shells round the nucleus. These shells may also have sub shells designated s, p d, subshells.

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science

PROPERTIES OF ATOMS

Atoms have several properties that help distinguish one type of atom from another and determine how atoms change under certain conditions. These properties include;

  • The Atomic number: The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom is called its atomic number (Z). All atoms of the same element have the same number of protons and so have the same atomic number. Atoms are normally electrically neutral so the atomic number also shows how many electrons an atom has. However, an atom may lose or gain an electron to become a charged particle called an When an atom loses an electron it forms a positively charged ion called a cation. When an atom gains an electron it forms a negatively charged ion called an anion. The number of electrons thus determines many of the chemical and physical properties of an atom.

 

  • The Mass number: The sum of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is called the mass number of the atom (A). The number of neutrons is denoted by N.

 

The relationship between the number of neutrons and protons is given by; A=Z – N

 

  • The Atomic Mass and Weight: Scientists use a device called a mass spectrometer to measure atomic mass. The mass of an atom is measured in terms of a unit called the atomic mass unit (amu). An amu is defined as exactly 1/12 the mass of an atom of carbon with six protons and six electrons.

An element’s atomic weight represents the mass of one mole of its atoms. A mole is the mass of a very large number of atoms. A mole of atoms of any element contains 6.02 × 1023 atoms. This is also called the molar mass.

 

  • Isotopes: Atoms of the same element that differ in mass number (A) are called isotopes. They have the same atomic number (Z). These elements have the same number of protons in their nucleus but different numbers of neutrons. For example, hydrogen has three isotopes 1H; 2H; 3H called Protium, Deuterium and Tritium respectively.

 

HYDROGEN ISOTOPES

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science

EVALUATION

  1. Draw a simple atomic model of Helium atom with two electrons, two protons and two neutrons.
  2. Briefly describe the three types of hydrogen atoms that exist.
  3. Write the (a) mass number (b) atomic number of Sodium atom.

 

Sub-Topic 3: Concept of Elements, Molecules, Compounds and Mixtures

 

ELEMENT: A substance that is made up of only one type of atoms is called an element. An element cannot be broken down into anything else. Examples are magnesium, copper, zinc, gold, iron, oxygen, carbon, chlorine, etc.

MOLECULE: The smallest unit of a substance which can exist on its own and retain the properties of the substance is called a molecule. A molecule may be made up of one atom only e.g. Argon (Ar) or a combination of atoms e.g. Oxygen (O2).

COMPOUND: A substance formed by the chemical combination of the atoms of different elements is a compound. Examples are Sodium chloride (salt), water, kaolin, carbon (iv), oxide, sand, etc.

MIXTURE: A substance formed when elements or compounds are mixed without any chemical reaction occurring is called a mixture. Examples are crude oil, soil, cup of tea, air, palm oil, solution of salt and water, etc. The components of a mixture can be separated by physical means like evaporation, magnetization, filtration, Sublimation, etc.

 

PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS AND MIXTURES

  1. ELEMENTS:

(a) Chemical Properties:

  • Some elements are very reactive e.g. Sodium, Potassium, Chlorine, Oxygen, etc. Sodium metal readily gets ignited on exposure to air.
  • Some elements are moderately reactive e.g. when iron is exposed to moist air it gradually begins to rust.
  • Some elements are virtually unreactive e.g. Gold does not rust when exposed to moisture.

(b) Physical Properties

(i)        Some elements have light density e.g. Hydrogen gas while some are heavy e.g.

Gold, Lead, etc.

(ii)     Some elements are colourless e.g. Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen while some  are

coloured e.g.    Chlorine,     Bromine, etc.

  • Solid, non-metallic elements are brittle and have a dull surface e.g. Phosphorus and Sulphur while the metallic elements are malleable and have a shiny surface e.g. Iron and Aluminium
  • All metals exist as solids at room temperature except Mercury which is a liquid.

 

  1. COMPOUNDS:

 (a) Physical Properties:

  • Most compounds formed from the chemical combination of metals and non-metals are soluble in water but not in organic solvents like kerosene.
  • Compounds formed from the chemical combination of non-metals are soluble in organic solvents like kerosene and petrol.
  • Compounds have definite melting and boiling points.

 

             (b) Chemical Properties

(i)  Some chemicals react chemically with acids to form a new compound e.g. sodium

hydroxide and hydrochloric acid react chemically to form sodium chloride and

water.

(ii)  Some compounds decompose on heating e.g. calcium trioxocarbonate (iv) on

heating produces calcium oxide and carbon (iv) oxide.

 

  1. MIXTURES: Physical Properties:
  • Mixtures can be separated by physical means.
  • Mixtures do not have definite boiling or melting points.
  • The colour of individual constituents is visible.

 

USES OF SOME ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS AND MIXTURES

                      

USES OF ELEMENTS

(a) Gold is used in making jewelry and coins. It is also used in art work and dentistry. Radioisotopes of gold are used in biological research and in treatment of cancer.

(b) Iron is used for production of galvanized sheet metal and electromagnets. Iron compounds are used for medicinal purposes in the treatment of anemia and also in tonics.

 

USES OF COMPOUNDS

(a) Kaolin is used in the manufacture of fine porcelain and china ware; pottery, stoneware and bricks; as a filler for pigments and manufacture of       paper.

(b) Salt is used as a seasoning; as preservative for meats; in dyeing and in manufacture of soap and glass. Table salt is combined with small quantities of iodide to prevent occurrence of goiter. Industrially salt is a source of chlorine and sodium. Chlorine is used in manufacture of hydrochloric acid, chloroform and bleaching powder. Sodium is used for sodium carbonate, baking soda and sodium hydroxide.

 

USES OF MIXTURES

 (a) Crude oil is used as fuel (petrol, kerosene, diesel, gas, etc.) and raw material in the chemical industry. Derivatives are used in manufacture of medicine, fertilizers, plastics, paints, building materials and for generating electricity.

(b) Coal is used as fuel. It is used by electric power plants to produce electricity. Industrially it can be converted to coke and mixed with iron ore and limestone to produce iron. The coal gases given off during the process of coke formation are used to manufacture solvents, fertilizers, medicine, pesticides, etc.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define the following terms and give two examples of each (a) element (b) molecule (c) compound (d) mixture
  2. Mention two things each example can be used for.

Enumerate three differences between elements, compounds and mixtures

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Complete the missing information below

Lesson Note For JSS3 Basic Science

  1. Air is a mixture of gases, mention three of the gases and state two uses of each
  2. Collect twelve (12) materials from your environment and classify them into elements, compounds and mixtures.

READING ASSIGNMENT

Functional Basic Science for JJS Book 3; by Onyirioha, C. U et al. (pgs 70-80)

===================================

If you want the complete second term JSS3 Basic Science Lesson Note, Click Here to order and Download the complete second term lesson note for JSS3 Basic Science now!

===================================

Why should you purchase this lesson note on Basic Science for JSS3 Second Term?

  • The content of the lesson note is well-structured with adequate evaluation.
  • The lesson note will help the teacher know topics to teach and how to teach them to achieve learning objectives.
  • It will instill confidence in the teacher when delivering the lesson note in the classroom and inspire respect from the students.
  • It will help you to avoid over-reliance on textbooks giving you more time to focus and teach.
  • For the students, it will serve as a study guide helping them to stay ahead of the class.
  • For Parents who wish to home school their children, this is a helpful compendium.

Click Here to Download Second Term Lesson note for JSS3 Basic Science Now!

NOTE: The complete 1st, 2nd and 3rd term Basic Science Lesson Note for JSS2 is available, Click here to Download it.

Comments

  • Ajulu Obi
    Reply

    do you have university subjects as well

    • Edupodia
      Reply

      Good day, thanks for stopping by. Currently, we only have lesson notes for primary and secondary schools.

  • Ajulu Obi
    Reply

    i love thz site❤❤❤❤❤❤

    • Edupodia
      Reply

      Thanks Ajulu Obi for your feedback. We are glad to hear that you love EduPodia.

  • ayinde abimbola
    Reply

    I love ❤️ this website it helped me a lot. Thanks

    • Edupodia
      Reply

      We are glad you EduPodia Lesson Notes helpful.

    • David
      Reply

      Me too

  • JAMES AGBAJE
    Reply

    Great

    • Edupodia
      Reply

      Thanks for the feedback

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *